PV modules

Creating a new entry

Create a data set by defining the various properties of the PV module on the subpages.

Basic data

PV modules: Basic data

  1. Choose company
    With the button all companies can be displayed and new ones created.

  2. Enter name for model

  3. (optional) Insert comment

  4. Determining whether the component is available.
    Components that are not available are hidden in the database view by default, but can be displayed again.

  5. (optional) Enter the available certificates

Electrical data

PV modules: Electrical data

  • Specify cell type

    • Si monocrystalline
    • Si polycrystalline
    • Si amorphous
    • Other
    • EFG
      Edgedefined Film Growth, edge-defined layer growth, special manufacturing process for Si
    • Apex
      PV modules from BP. No longer available.
    • Ribbon
      PV modules manufactured using the string ribbon process.
    • HIT
      Heterojunction with intrinsic thin layer, crystalline SI thin film, surrounded by ultra-thin amorphous SI
    • CIS
      Copper indium gallium diselenide
    • CdTe
      Cadmium telluride
    • triple a-Si
      triple-junction Amorphous silicon thin film module
    • microcrystalline
      Microcrystalline silicon
  • Only suitable for transformer inverters
    Some PV modules may only be operated on inverters with galvanic isolation.

  • Specify number of cells

  • Specify number of bypass diodes

  • Integrated performance optimizer available?
    You can choose from all available module-integrated performance optimizers from the performance optimizer database (see Databases > Components > Power optimizers).

  • Selection of the arrangement of the cell strands

    • Cell strands perpendicular to the short side
    • Cell strands parallel to the short side

Mechanical variables

PV modules: Mechanical sizes

Here you define the dimensions and weight of the PV module. This information is required for module occupancy in 3D planning (see Pages > 3D-design).

I/V Characteristic values for STC

PV modules: V/C Characteristic values for STC

The electrical characteristics of the PV module depend above all on temperature and irradiation. This results in a separate current/voltage characteristic curve for each module temperature and irradiation. In the range V/C Characteristic values at STC only characteristic values according to standard test conditions (STC) are entered.

All required characteristic values can be found on the data sheet of the corresponding PV module.

  • Voltage at MPP
  • Current at MPP
  • Open circuit voltage
  • Short circuit current
  • Increased open circuit voltage before stabilization
    This value specifies the proportion of the open-circuit voltage delivered above the specified STC open-circuit voltage. Then the system test is carried out (see Pages > Inverters > System check).
  • Nominal power

I/V Part Load Characteristics

PV modules: V/C Part load parameters

Here you define characteristic values of the PV module with lower irradiation. Since standard test conditions (STC) are not permanently available, the characteristic values at lower irradiation are important data for an exact simulation of the PV system.

To enter the partial load characteristic values, first select a partial load model:

  • Manufacturer/own <br Here you can enter your own part-load characteristic values. The PV*SOL® model is used to calculate the efficiency or the current/voltage characteristic.
  • Default
    The partial load values are calculated automatically. Either the PV*SOL® model or the two-diode model is used to calculate the efficiency or the current/voltage characteristic.

PV*SOL® model
Normally the PV*SOL®-own partial load model is used, which achieves very good accuracy for most module technologies. The model is used as standard for all technologies except those based on mono- and polycrystalline silicon. The PV*SOL® model calculates rather too low tensions at low irradiations and estimates the energy yield very conservatively.

Two-diode model
For mono- and polycrystalline silicon-based modules, the two-diode model is used if all the necessary conditions are met. For these module types, the two-diode model provides the most accurate results for the electrical quantities. The deviations between the two-diode model and the measurement are in the range of measurement uncertainty.

The conditions for using the two diode model are as follows:

  • The module uses crystalline silicon cells (mono or poly)
  • The number of cells is given and greater than 10

For further information on the characteristic models used, see Calculation > PV modules > Characteristic curve models.


PV modules: Additional information

Here you define further important characteristics of the PV module.

  • Voltage coefficient (Uoc)
    This value indicates how the module voltage changes when the module temperature increases by one degree Celsius or Kelvin. As the module temperature rises, the voltage decreases, i.e. this coefficient is negative.
  • Current coefficient (Isc)
    This value indicates how the module current changes when the module temperature increases by one degree Celsius or Kelvin. With increasing module temperature the current increases, i.e. this coefficient is positive.
  • Power coefficient
    This value indicates how the module output changes when the module temperature increases by one degree Celsius or Kelvin. Since the module voltage decreases more strongly than the module current when the temperature increases, the power decreases with increasing temperature, this coefficient is negative.
  • Angle correction factor
    Part of the sunlight is reflected when it hits the glass of the PV module. The reflection depends on the angle at which the light strikes the module. The angle correction factor is used to calculate the reflection for each angle.
  • Maximum system voltage
    This value indicates the maximum system voltage must not be exceeded for safety reasons. This mainly affects the series connection of PV modules.

  • Bifacial factor
    The bifacial factor indicates the proportion of backside irradiation that a module can process to generate electricity. For conventional monofacial modules, this value is 0 because the back is inactive. With bifacial modules, the value is usually between 70 and 80%.


PV modules: characteristic curves

The resulting PV module characteristics are displayed here. You can choose from:

  • eta characteristics
    relative efficiency as a function of irradiation
  • UI characteristics
    Module current as a function of module voltage, with variable module temperature and irradiation.
  • UP-characteristic curves
    Module output as a function of module voltage, with variable module temperature and irradiation.

See also