Cables

Overview of the Cables navigation page (detailed cable losses)

The cable losses of the planned PV system are defined on the Cables navigation page. When entering the cable losses you can choose between:

The safety devices can be defined independently of the cable losses. If Total loss is selected for the input of the cable losses, the cable loss value specified there is used in the simulation as a lump sum. If the detalled cable losses are selected, the losses are calculated by specifying the cable lengths, cross-sections and materials. The generator power under STC conditions is used as a design aid or orientation parameter. With the data given there, the cable losses in the simulation are calculated for each time step. In addition, it is possible to dimension electrical protective devices and define the DC topology via different distributors.

The

button can be used to copy the cable properties (length, material, cross section) and the safety devices of a circuit and paste them into other circuits using

.

Cable losses: Total

A general cable loss can be entered here. The total cable loss can also be calculated using the 3D cable plan. The amount of calculated cable loss from the 3D environment is then displayed below the total loss.

Visualization losses from 3D environment

Cable losses: Detailed

The selection of the cable harnesses is made via the tree view. The wiring harnesses are sorted by module area, and show all connections per module area. To determine the cable losses, the following procedure is essentially necessary:

  1. Select wiring from tree view

  2. Specify DC topology

  3. Define cables

    • Length
    • Diameter
    • Material
  4. (optional) Define safety devices

The respective wiring can be selected in the tree view. All connections of the respective module surface are listed there.

With the DC topology, the MPP tracker to be configured and the position of the DC disconnector are selected. The selection of the DC disconnector depends on the number of connected strings and the number of DC inputs of the inverter used.

Selection of possible DC disconnectors

Condition DC disconnector
Number of strings <= Number of DC inputs Inverter None
Number of strings = 2 T-plug (with and without integrated overvoltage protection)
Number of strings > 1 Generator connection box (with and without integrated overvoltage protection)

In order to be able to calculate the respective cable losses, the length, cross-section and material must be specified for each cable type. In PV*SOL® losses can be defined for the following cable types:

  • AC cables
  • DC main line (only active if a DC disconnector has been selected)
  • String line

If the corresponding specifications are selected, the cable losses per cable and the maximum total losses can be read off. On the one hand the relative cable losses are calculated, on the other hand the absolute losses in Watt. The reference value for the relative losses is the connected generator power. If, for example, a circuit consists of two identical strings, the entire generator power is applied to the DC main line (minus the string losses) and half the generator power is applied to each string.

Overview DC cables

Via the button cable cross sections for cable losses <1 % can be calculated automagically.

Safety devices

In PV*SOL® different safety devices can be defined for each type of cable. The following cable types are available:

  • AC-cables (All inverters)
  • AC-cables (Selected inverter)
  • DC main line (only active if a DC disconnector has been selected)
  • String line

Depending on the type of system, it is possible to activate or deactivate a feed-in counter, a bidirectional counter and the house connection in the AC-cable (all inverters). The facilities are activated by default.

The button can be used to add appropriate devices when selecting the safety devices. In the dialog that appears, different safety devices are available for selection depending on the installation location. Each device can be provided with additional information which then appears in the circuit diagram. (see Pages > Plans).

Selection of safety devices

Dialogue safety devices


See also