In the subitem shading information on the shading losses of a module surface can be found. The shading losses reduce the irradiation on the module surface, whereby direct and diffuse irradiation are equally reduced. There are two options for entering the shading losses:
A horizon line is defined by entering it in the table or by clicking on it in the diagram.
A point of the horizon consists of the horizontal angle (azimuth) and the corresponding elevation angle.
To create a horizon line, the points of the horizon can be entered or complete horizon lines can be imported using the button
The file to be imported must be in
If you want to create your own skyline file, the file must be in the following format:
2 columns separated by a space
In the first column are the horizontal angles, from -180 to 179°
||Horizontal angle in PV*SOL in degrees (°)|
|-180||0 - North|
|-90||90 - East|
|0||180 - South|
|90||270 - West|
In the second column the elevation angle, from 0 to 90°
-178 2 -177 3 -176 5 -175 5 -173 6 -172 7 -171 5 -170 5
Use the button to import horizon lines from PVGIS. A dialog opens that shows a map at the current location. Move the map so that the center of the map coincides as closely as possible with the planned plant location. The selected coordinates are displayed at the bottom right. Clicking the Ok button downloads the horizon line from PVGIS and inserts it into PV*SOL®.
The Horizon Recorder SunEye creates such horizon line files (
With a fish-eye-optic the whole hemisphere is taken up (top left).
The horizon line can be detected from the image (green area, top right).
In PV*SOL® the horizon line can be imported and is displayed in Cartesian coordinates.